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Posted on: January 23, 2010

也说开放的头脑

什么是开放的头脑?我个人的定义是:对客观外界的不以个人经验为标准的判断,并对个人无法理解的但同时又是对他人无害的一切发生现象都加以接受的认知态度。

个人的经验总是有限的。以这个有限的经验来判断外界的无限的发生,我们就会很难理解外界的一切。但由于任何人的个人经验都是相对有限的,所以这个“有限”,是可以理解的正常现象,并且这个“有限”本身并不是“狭隘”(“开放”的反义词)的同义词,但以这个“有限”去判断无限,去评判“无限”,就成了狭隘。

比如,人类的大多数都是异性恋,我们决不可能要求大多数人都能真正理解一个同性恋者的快乐。但只要同性恋者不伤害别人,不强迫他人都变成同性恋,不强奸其他的同性,大多数异性恋者就应该对少数同性恋者抱以接受的态度,而不是以自己有限的异性恋者的性爱经验也评判,或者排斥同性恋。

任何一个社会的意识形态,都是为大多数人服务的。西方的基督教传统,中国的传统封建意识传统,等等。这些群体的认识,都是以大多数人的利益为标准而设立的。比如人都要结婚生子,比如无条件地孝敬父母;或者,女人曾经都要缠小脚,男人都要留长辫;或者,女人一度都不能受教育,黑人都必须是奴隶。这些,都是在一定的历史时期根据一定的社会需要而人为设定的道德标准,在一定的(甚至很长的)历史时期内被大多数人视为非常“正常”的意识规范。然而由于人对自身的认识的不断深入和改进,这些标准到了一定的时候总会遇到现实的挑战,所以历史上总会有人站出来和这些群体意识作斗争。自然,一旦有人要冲破这样的意识规范,最初都会被视为异端。然而,正是这些人对约定俗成的观念的勇于突破,才导致了历史的进步。

所以,如果我们再给开放头脑做一个更容易理解的定义的话,就是,开放的头脑,是一种不受任何群体意识形态所束缚的认知态度。

 

也说开放的头脑

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