Yun Yi's Stuff

Aside

Posted on: March 20, 2011

鲁迅与“建设性”

自己没主意的人,最希望别人给自己出主意。自己没头脑的人,最希望有一个有头脑的人来彻底取代自己的头脑。这样的人在困难中,最需要的就是所谓“建设性”的“意见”,即,“不要光是说我这不好那不好,你给我说清楚我究竟该怎么做!帮忙要帮到底!”

一个没有独立思考能力的民族,也就是这样要求思想家的。所以很多中国人读鲁迅,发现通篇都是批评,批判,没有给中国人指出一条可以轻而易举就踏上去的光明大道,便越读越火,越读越自卑,最后奋起反击,大骂鲁迅是只会骂人的没有思想的文人。

其实中国近代几乎没有任何人给中国指出了什么出路(即使指了,也没有走通)。也就是说,自己不知道该怎么办的人,别人也不会知道。

从另一个角度来说,一个思想家,根本没有责任去解救任何人,任何民族。思想家的任务,就在于忠实于自己的观察,写出自己的观点和看法。这些观点,可以是批评性的,可以是政治性的,也可以是“建设性”的(尼采就是是个批评家,对基督教传统的抨击和鲁迅一样的猛烈)。这些批评家们的价值,往往就在于他们的“破坏性”——通过揭示现实中一般人看不到的黑暗面,给人以启迪,然后让人产生追求光明的欲望。批评的越猛,给人的激励就越大。

然而,对于自身缺乏追求光明的欲望的人,或者习惯了在黑暗中生活的人来说,只要你没有把他们亲手抱起来,放在光明中,所有的批评,指责和激励,都是毫无意义的。

鲁迅与“建设性”

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Blog Stats

  • 10,697 hits

Follow Yun Yi's Stuff on WordPress.com

Follow me on Twitter

© 2003 – 2014 Yun Yi

Protected by Copyscape Online Plagiarism Detector
PHILOSOPHY

Philosophy Blog Dedicated to Critical and Reflective Thinking

~ L to the Aura ~

sustainability. compassion. inspiration.

The Green World

the dilemmas of modern times

hessianwithteeth

This site is all about ideas

The Magician's Home

A house filled with thrills, mysteries and heart-wrenching secrets that will forever change the course of June Corpelle's life

Success Inspirers World

Land of opportunity where everyone is given an opportunity to grow

Credit Continue

Samantha Clarke

The Road

Obedience is Better Than Sacrifice

Audio SeXXX

Eargasms found here!

Natalie Breuer

Natalie. Writer. Photographer. Etc.

The Dystopian Nation of City-State

A cruel, futuristic vision created by science fiction authors James Courtney and Kaisy Wilkerson-Mills. ©2013-2016. All Rights Reserved. All writings available through Amazon.

KURT★BRINDLEY

Surmising with aplomb and nary remorse

GODINTEREST - Christian magazine covering faith, culture and life

Godinterest is a place to talk about God, Culture, Life and all that other stuff

Libretto

Expression of Thought through Words

Jesus Christ for Muslims Pakistan

Inviting Muslims To The Kingdom of Christ

Chris Brake Show Podcast

LIVE! Every Wednesday @ 8pm Eastern / 7pm Central on StrangeLabel.com

Critical Dispatches

Follow me on Twitter and Instagram @RichyDispatch

justbadtiming

life as i know it

Eye-Dancers

A site devoted to the Young Adult sci-fi/fantasy novel The Eye-Dancers

%d bloggers like this: