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Posted on: July 1, 2011

Young Daphne du Maurier (about 1930)

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“吕蓓卡”(“蝴蝶梦”)-不朽的悬念杰作


如果有一本书我能一遍又一遍地读的书,那就是由达芙妮·杜·穆里埃写的“吕蓓卡”(又译“蝴蝶梦”)。我20多年前就迷上了这本书,一直想写评论,但一直没有机会。现在终于有点时间,记下一点心得。
“吕蓓卡”写的是关于一位年轻的女士嫁给了一个富翁的故事。出身贫寒的女主角在一个偶然的机会遇到了非常有名的“曼德利“”庄园的主人 – 德·温特,并在一见钟情之后戏剧般地结婚。 “吕蓓卡”一书的绝大部分都是关于女主角在曼德利的新生活。
“吕蓓卡”是一个悬疑故事。吕蓓卡,是德·温特的前妻,并在故事发生前就神秘地死亡。虽然她已故去,但她却像幽灵般地在故事中“活“着。她的极端美丽,她的“高贵”,她的娴熟的的社交能力,和她对其他人的巨大影响力 – 从仆人到上流社会的社交圈,无一不使她在各方面影响着生者的生活,更对年轻的出生贫寒的女主人产生不可言喻的巨大挑战。
许多人认为这本书是在写吕贝卡 – 一个死了的却影响着生者的幽灵,但我不苟同。我认为“吕蓓卡”一书是在写年轻女主人她自己 – 写她是如何从一个天真的学生,一个“灰姑娘“一样可怜的女孩,在爱情的力量鼓励下终于变成为一个成熟,自信和富于勇气的“曼德勒”庄园的女主人。
该故事以第一人称的方式叙述,情节不时地在过去与现实之间跳跃,描述极其微妙细腻,非常自然把人带到故事中,分享叙述者的不寻常的心理冒险经历。整个小说梦幻一般地引人入胜,让人不自觉地进入女主人翁的心理角度,感受她的脆弱,恐惧,绝望,最后获得信心,战胜自我的喜悦。
是的,丽贝卡是一个悬念故事,但不是一个关于“死亡”,或“谋杀”的悬念,而是一个关于“生”,或者“再生”的悬念。此书在我个人看来是文学史上最为不朽的一部悬念名著。

——————————–
Rebecca, An Immortal Mystery of Life

If there is a book that I could read again and again, it is Rebecca, by Daphne du Maurier. I was obsessed with this book over 20 years ago, always wanted to write a review, but never get a chance. Now it’s the time. 

Rebecca is a story about a young lady who by chance marries a wealthy man, Maxim de Winter, the owner of a stately estate known as “Manderley”. “Rebecca” is the name of ex-wife of Mr. de Winter, who died mysteriously prior to story starts. Most of story is about happenings taking place during the young lady’s new life in Manderly.
Rebecca is a mystery, for the mysterious death of Rebecca. Rebecca is died, yet is still “alive” among people who know her. Her extreme beauty, aristocratic manner, sophisticate social skill, and her tremendous influence to people – from servants to high class circles, inflict new mistress’ daily life. The young lady faces incredible challenge, both from the hostility of household – who still holds loyalty toward the ex-mistress, and her lack of confidence about her poor family background.
Many people believe that this book is all about Rebecca – a ghostly figure who affects lives, but I totally disagree. Rebecca is all about the young lady (narrator) herself – how she from a naive student, a “Cinderella” like poor girl, becomes a mature, confidence and courageous Mrs. de Winter.
 

The story was told by narrator, occasionally jumps between past and present. The depiction is extremely beautiful and contemplative, naturally draws you into the nightmarish past, sharing the narrator’s amazing psychological adventure – how she eventually gains confidence, conquers her inner fear by strength of love.
Yes, Rebecca is a mystery, but not mystery of death, nor of a murder, it’s a mystery of life, a life of reborn. For me, it is an immortal masterpiece of mystery ever created.

“吕蓓卡”(“蝴蝶梦”)-不朽的悬念杰作

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10 Responses to "“吕蓓卡”(“蝴蝶梦”)-不朽的悬念杰作"

这小说没看过,看过同名电影,80年代初,印象极其深刻,至今不忘,并经常想起。

希区柯克的电影也是经典,但和小说原著还是很不一样,原著的想象空间无垠。

受你的影响,正在读《Rebecca》,法文本,已读过110页,1982年10月15日买的旧书。

法文译本一定很优美。我刚粗略读完英译“悲惨世界”。很遗憾不能读法文原著。

法文译本,503页,昨天看完了。感觉悬念并不是这部小说最大的特点。最大的特点是敢走道德偏锋:好人都是杀人犯或事后同谋,坏人则追求真相。我也在考虑写篇东西,评论评论。

我今天在我网易博客写了篇文章,关于《Rebecca》,欢迎去砸砖。 /

上帖链接没正确显示,补上:
《Rebecca/蝴蝶梦》的道德悬疑
http://jiangyansheng55.blog.163.com/blog/static/13383029920116194222700/

我在你的博克留了评论,但不知道有没有成功。以下是我的回复:
-----
谢谢分享。
不太同意你认为的小说的最大特点是“道德先锋”。“杀人犯不一定是坏人”这其实是个很浅层次上的道德问题,书中最大的特点是女主人公心理演变。
我说的“悬疑”并不是指一般的谋杀-who did it-的那种悬疑,而是一种不可预测的随命运而变化的情节流动。小说的确有着悬疑:虽然知道谁是凶手,但对凶手的处理是到了书的最后才揭晓:心灵的裁判最终战胜了法律的裁决 -德·温特先生在命运的保护下获得自由。

我就是吕蓓卡,吕蓓卡就是我。作者其实写得是女性和陌生世界的关系。通过我和吕蓓卡描写了女人在陌生环境下的两种策略,两个侧面,或者两个阶段,一个是内心融入,即调节自我,我从初来乍到变得当家作主,一个是行动挑战,即影响他人,外界观察到的吕蓓卡魅力非凡和与众不同。至于吕蓓卡的放荡,他丈夫的谋杀,我的成熟等等,都可以看作表达主题的情节,线索,幌子,并不重要。

另外,无论吕蓓卡还是我都是代表了能独立思考,渴望不依附于男性的女性,只是手段不同,这个大概才是作者本意。

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